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A Solo Woman’s 3-Week Central Asia Itinerary

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For the past month, I’ve been traveling solo through Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan and posting my travels to Facebook (starting with this post on Day 1). Many of you have asked for itinerary details and specifics.

So quickly, briefly, here they are.

Welcome to my three-week Central Asia itinerary.

Any woman traveling on her own can do this – or something like it. I used a mixture of budget and more upmarket travel but you can choose to do it either entirely on the cheap or in the lap of near-luxury.

This trip took place in September 2016. Lake Song Kul in Kyrgyzstan shouldn’t be attempted after mid-September; there’s a strong chance of rain but worse, snow could fall, making the road terribly dangerous. Conversely, it’s still quite hot in Uzbekistan. The other viable option is late spring.

I won’t go into trip preparations, which you can find here in excruciating detail. Nor is this about what to do and see, which will be the subject of other posts. This is about my personal ‘how I did it’.

Finally, although this trip took me a month, six of my 28 days away were spent working so I’m not counting those – which leaves you with 22 days, or a 3-week Central Asian itinerary.

Day 1: Fly into Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan. I flew with Turkish Airlines, which had great prices out of Europe (and has similar deals out of North America via Istanbul). Aeroflot is another option but keep checking before you buy. I saved $300 on Turkish, but a fellow traveler saved the same amount on Aeroflot. Go figure. I had booked a hotel for my two night in Bishkek via booking.com because I like a bit of worry-free down time at the start and end of a trip. (I stayed at the Grand Hotel – not grand at all, a decent location near the university and a ‘Soviet’ utilitarian vibe.) First order of the day: satisfy coffee craving. Try Sierra Coffee – there’s one downtown and one across the street from the CBT office – that stands for Community-Based Travel, a group that pays local people fairly for their travel services (more on CBT below).

Day 2: Walk around Bishkek with Bradt Guide to Kyrgyzstan in hand, get rid of jet lag, drop into CBT (call them for directions). It has offices all over the country and can help you set up part or all of your trip (I dealt with Diana – tell her I said Hi). CBT can handle everything from transport between cities to homestays in yurts. As I was working part of the time I hired a driver and an English-speaking guide so I did it the expensive way, at about $220/day, everything included. You can pay less than a quarter of the price if you take shared taxis and let CBT organize the homestays. For dinner in Bishkek I ate at Cafe Faiza, a cheap eatery with great local food – try the lagman noodles if you’re in a rush for an intro to Kyrgyz cuisine.

Day 3: Leave Bishkek for the northern shore of Lake Issy-Kul (there’s public transport but I was covering the World Nomad Games and so my Kyrgyz hosts had organized a driver for me). You’ll find plenty of driver suggestions on Tripadvisor and other forums. Shop around and don’t hesitate to write to them – they all either speak English or use Google Translate in a credible way (just make sure they actually speak English so you can communicate when you’re traveling). I stopped in the village of Cholpon-Ata for a week for the Games but there are plenty of other smaller towns on this stretch of the lake. Without the Games, I probably wouldn’t have spent more than a day in this Soviet holiday meets Costa Brava resort. If you do decide to spend the night, a clean and very cheap option is the Apple Hostel. I stayed at the Akun, definitely upmarket with beautiful grounds but tasteless food – and a bit far out of town if the town is what you’re after.

Day 4: Continue along the shore of the lake and stop by some of the rural villages. Notice the many Muslim cemeteries in every single village along the way. I had lunch at a homestay but then pushed as far as Jyrgalan, a hidden valley with enchanting mountains. The village itself looks as though it hasn’t changed in a century (if you can manage to ignore the power plant right in the middle of town). I didn’t hike but others have done so and highly recommend it, along with horseback riding through the mountains – and skiing and snowshoeing if you happen to visit in winter. I stayed at an excellent little guest house called the Eco-Center Alakol, in a perfect little room with outstanding plumbing. You won’t get far more off the beaten path than this.

Jyrgalan Kyrgyzstan

Horses along the road to Jyrgalan with the mountains in the distance

Day 5: Hike or ride in the Jyrgalan mountains – just make sure you’ve reserved ahead of time.

Day 6: Head to Karakol. I stayed at the Alakol Guesthouse, run by the friendly Gulmira, wife of Emil, the owner of the Eco-Center in Jyrgalan. If you choose to do this the other way around, Gulmira can organize transport from Karakol to Jyrgalan. The food is tremendous, the bathroom very clean, but the bed a bit hard. I don’t personally know other places in Karakol but I’d stay here again just for the cooking. If by now you’re craving Western food and – yes – coffee, go to Karakol Coffee for good coffee, good wifi, good pastries and perfectly acceptable pizza. Gulmira can drive you there and pick you up if you ask her.

Day 7: Visit a yurt-making village, then drive along the southern shore of Lake Issy-Kul for a complete change of pace and spend the night at the Bel-Tam Yurt Camp in Bokonbaeva.

Bel-Tam Yurt Camp Kyrgyzstan

Bel-Tam Yurt Camp on the shores of Lake Issy-Kul, Kyrgyzstan

Day 8: Head for Kochkor, the jumping off point for Lake Song Kul. If you didn’t make your arrangements in Bishkek, the CBT Kochkor office is particularly clued in and efficient. It’s right at the entrance of town so even if you’re coming in by shared taxi, keep your eyes on the right – it’s behind the Shepherd’s Life office. Next to the CBT office is a women’s NGO that works as a cooperative and sells crafts to tourists, providing the artisan with 80% of the paid price (not to be confused with the CBT handicraft shop behind the office – also good for community workers). I stayed in a guest room in Kochkor to start bright and early for Lake Song Kul. And here’s where your itinerary could/should differ from mine. My time was limited but several friends rode on horseback to the lake and said it was the experience of a lifetime. If you don’t have the time, take a short day-ride, even if you’re a complete beginner.

Lake Song-Kul Road

The road to Lake Song Kul slices right through the mountains of Kyrgyzstan

Day 9: Drive up to Lake Song Kul. If you don’t like heights, stare at your feet. This drive is best done in a 4WD. I did it in a regular car but I wouldn’t recommend that at all. Beware the rain: the red clay soil looks extremely slippery and the yawing precipice particularly close. At Lake Song Kul, spend the night in a yurt in one of the most extraordinarily gorgeous settings I’ve ever seen, a mountain plain fringed by a lake and high mountains.

Day 10: Make sure you’ve organized your transport out of Lake Song Kul before you go. I ran across several people unsure of how to get out. One French couple was stranded and hitched a ride with us. There aren’t many taxis, and they’re hard to call because there’s no phone signal at the lake. Don’t leave until afternoon if you haven’t had a horse ride yet. Those plains were made for riding.

Lake Song-Kul

My yurt at Lake Song Kul – on top of the world

Yurt interior

Inside my yurt – one of the best sleeps of my life

Day 11: Drive to Kyzil-Oy, halfway along a stunning but terrifying (there’s a lot of that in Kyrgyzstan) canyon. I loved this village, even though there was nothing to do (other than watch a local kok-boru game in which riders throw around a headless goat carcass). Ask at CBT Kochkor – they can organize a proper homestay in this cool, green village.

Day 12: A long drive to Osh, Kyrgyzstan’s second city, along one of the main roads: crowded, chaotic and winding, and I was relieved to arrive. Some people turn back towards Bishkek at this point and fly to Osh. I took the long way. Osh has a cheerful feel (and great fried chicken if by now you’re fed up with mutton). I stayed at the VIP Guest House, but I was working in Osh for three days and needed the space. You probably won’t need a living room, a bedroom, a bathroom and a kitchenette…

Day 13: If you’re a city person, spend the day in Osh and climb the holy Mt Sulaiman-Too. If not, leave (see Day 14).

Day 14: Cross the border into Uzbekistan at 8am. Change your Kyrgyz soms into Uzbek soms before you cross – there’s nothing on the other side. If you can organize this, have a driver waiting for you on the Uzbek side of the border. When I saw the utter lack of public transport (not a usual thing, I’m told), I was grateful I’d spent $175 booking a private car with driver for the full-day drive to Tashkent. Most travel agencies can provide this service so check online, write to them, and compare. In high season you probably won’t do that much better. In the off season prices should go down. Or you can hope you’ll find a shared taxi to the nearest city, Andijon. (Soon after I visited the train from Andijon to Tashkent began operations. I’d reckon this is much better than driving.)

Uzbek soms

I felt rich after changing money – until I realized this was only worth $23…

Day 15: Visit Tashkent and figure out where you’re going. I was going to Nukus to see the Savitsky Collection and normal people would take the one-hour flight, whereas I rode the train for 22 hours. I don’t suggest you do that unless you have an inclination for loud snoring, falling out of bunks and significant discomfort. What I didn’t do because of time was visit the Aral Sea but I do regret that. Your hotel can arrange transport, shared or private, to Moyniaq, once a port city and now in the middle of the desert. I stayed at the Massaget Hotel, small, clean, family run and five minutes’ walk from the museum. For great local food, try the fried chicken with spices at the Palvan Shakh (near the hotel) or the Cinnamon for more Westernized food (next to the museum but closed on Mondays). I ran out of Uzbek soms and the hotel kindly sent their son to the bazaar to exchange money for me. They also arranged my trip to Khiva the next morning.

Day 16: Drive to Khiva in the morning – of if you didn’t make it to the museum yesterday, go this morning. The drive takes about three hours over terrible roads that are negotiated at high speeds. Hang on. And pray. Get to Khiva in one piece and spend the afternoon roaming through this irresistible city. The road is being upgraded so things may be vastly different soon. In Khiva I stayed at the Orzu Guesthouse, right in the center of the old town – ideal. Super breakfasts so huge I couldn’t eat lunch. For dinner I became addicted to the fresh watermelon juice at the Kheivak, which is also a hotel. The staff was friendly, wifi was good – and you can lay back and smoke a shisha water piper if you’d like to and no one will bat an eyelash.


Khiva – irresistible, a jewel

Day 17: Enjoy Khiva! I certainly did.

Day 18: Time for another harrowing drive of about five hours to Bukhara, although the motorway is half built, so half the drive is excellent. Evening is the perfect time to walk around this incredibly pleasant place. I stayed at the friendly Kavsar Boutique Hotel, which can be a bit noisy if you get a room without shutters and there are people chatting in the patio. Breakfasts are memorable and Rustam and his wife a lovely couple – he drove me to the train station 16km away at no charge early in the morning – after breakfast was prepared well before regular hours. Desperate for coffee? Can’t handle another green tea? Leave the hotel, turn left and you’ll find a small Segafreddo café on your left.

Day 19: A day to walk around Bukhara. If it’s hot, you’ll be happy to have a hotel nearby for a quick shower and nap at the height of the sun. While Khiva was easy to photograph, Bukhara (spelled Buxoro locally) is harder, especially with an iPhone. The angles are challenging so build in enough time to scout around. Several restaurants have terraces but even so, the views aren’t perfect – there’s always something in the way. Try to avoid the Bukhara Silk Carpet Factory (no website, in person only)… or go armed with cash or a credit card. I’m not sure you’ll be able to resist the temptation to buy one of their glorious carpets. (I was unable to resist.) The factory will ship it home for you and bend over backwards to accommodate any and every payment method you can think of. You’ve been warned.

Bukhara carpet

One of the many glorious silk carpets on sale at the Bukhara Silk Carpet Factory

Day 20: Take the early train from Bukhara to Samarkand, especially if you’re fed up with road travel (I was). Make sure you’ve reserved your tickets early on because this train (all trains on this route) is often full. In Samarkand I stayed at the Antica B&B – divine. Samarkand can be hot hot hot, and the garden at the Antica provided a cool breeze and fresh air at all times. Breakfast is superb, but there are few places to eat around there so they do make dinner on demand (you need to reserve it a day ahead of time).

Registan Samarkand

The crowning glory of Samarkand – the Registan, a set of three spectacular madrassas

Day 21: Samarkand. I can’t recommend any place to eat and that was my main issue with this city. That said, its beauty carries you through any hunger pangs. Walk around the Registan or other world-famous sights and keep your mind off your stomach. Late in the day I took the train into Tashkent but be forewarned: there are no taxis when the late evening train gets in. I hitchhiked to my hotel! In Tashkent I stayed at the Wyndham, a perfectly acceptable international-class hotel, chosen for its wifi, my need to spruce up before catching my flight, and a late-opening coffee shop.

Day 22: Fly home… and wonder at the magical few weeks you’ve just experienced.

Hello! Some of the links on this page are affiliate links. If you use them to buy something, you don’t pay more – but Women on the Road earns a small commission, which helps pay the bills. So thank you!

Things every Woman on the Road should know

  • Central Asia itinerary for solo women travelersRemember you’ll probably need a visa for Uzbekistan – and probably won’t need one for Kyrgyzstan. Do check.
  • For Kyrgyzstan, don’t forget to write to CBT and start discussing your visit as soon as you know you’re going.
  • Buy your Uzbekistan train tickets fast – as I said, they fill up.
  • Try to familiarise yourself with the money. In Uzbekistan there are two rates of exchange: the official rate, and the black market rate (about twice as good). Many upcountry hotels and guest houses will ask you to pay in hard currency for precisely that reason. It gets complicated when you try to pay in som – guest houses will usually charge you the higher rate, which means you can pay twice as much in one place as in another… Larger hotels tend to charge you in soms and let you pay at the black market rate, which means you might pay the same in a large, modern hotel as in a small guest house or B&B. Problem is – you won’t know ahead of time.
  • Both countries are as safe as can be. While I did spend time with guides and drivers, I spent far more time on my own, at any hour, in any place, and not once did I ever feel unsafe.


  1. Federica on October 1, 2016 at 11:15 am

    Thank you so much for sharing this, Leyla: it is very interesting and useful!
    You have inspired me to try this trip myself – for now in Uzbekistan only.
    I have a couple of questions, I hope you do not mind 🙂
    I think you said that you had a great local travel agent: does he have a contact?
    I was thinking of staying in the Antica B&B, but a local agent I am in contact with wrote me this: “You probably found this hotel through the internet. But, I do not think this is a great place to stay because of the hotels’s condition. Yet, I recommend another hotel which is Caravan Serail. That is also B&B hotel and very comfortable and national style.” This does not match your own experience, right?
    Thank you!

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on October 1, 2016 at 11:37 am

      Please, keep the questions coming. First, my travel agent – I’m afraid I’ve edited this comment to say it has since closed and is not doing travel anymore, sadly. That said, the country is full of good travel companies and a search for recommendations on some travel forums should help. Sorry I cannot!

      As for Antica, I loved it. Yes, some of the plumbing could be newer but it works fine. Perhaps the decor in a more upmarket place would be newer, but I was happy with it. The down side is that there are few places to eat nearby – but that’s the case for most of Samarkand. The breakfasts are huge and delicious and will see you through lunch (or they did me, in any case). They can make dinner for you if you reserve ahead, or do as I did and eat early, around 4-5pm, a lunch-dinner combo. The main asset of the Antica (other than the delightful Aziza) is the courtyard. While everyone is sweltering on the street, you’re in a tiny oasis of greenery when temperatures are significantly lower.

      Now I don’t know the Caravan Serail but looking online, it does look like a good option, for these two reasons: it has a restaurant (and as I said, eating can be a challenge in Samarkand) and its location – it is definitely closer to the main attractions, at the same price. So while I did personally love Antica, this option seems excellent. And about wifi – the entire country has a wifi problem so it will be slow wherever you are. Just sit next to the router!

      • Federica on October 1, 2016 at 4:04 pm

        Thank you Leyla! This is extremely useful.

  2. Nadia Abrahams on October 5, 2016 at 12:51 pm

    Hi Leyla! How wonderful. Some of the landscapes looks like you’re in South Africa. when are coming to visit our beutiful Cape Town?

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on October 6, 2016 at 8:04 pm

      Fortunately I had the privilege of spending two months in your extraordinary country in 1996… time to visit again soon, I think!

  3. Yvonne on October 11, 2016 at 11:03 am

    Great post! I was just in China, right across the border from Pakistan and Tajikistan. The terrain looks very similar! Thanks for writing. Please keep it up!

  4. Alex on December 24, 2016 at 12:48 pm

    Great roundup, and a good use of 3 weeks in Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan.

    A small note for future budget oriented solo ladies: you can get in a shared taxi from the Kyrgyz-Uzbek border to Tashkent for less than $20 a person. Uzbeks are quite friendly and safe, don’t worry about sharing a taxi with strangers 🙂

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on December 24, 2016 at 1:08 pm

      Yes, that’s usually true. However, when I was there most borders were closed because of Independence Day AND the death of Uzbekistan’s leader, so there was no traffic at all through the border. I was by myself, and there were no taxis on the Uzbek side. I would guess that normally they would be easy to find – and if you don’t feel like taking it all the way to Tashkent, you can ride to nearby Andijan – and now there’s a train all the way to Tashkent if you’d rather not drive.

  5. The Curious Creature on December 24, 2016 at 5:38 pm

    Love this itinerary. Khiva sounds spectacular. Also, I’ve always wanted to visit Uzbekistan so I’ll bookmark this for future travels!

  6. Cherene Saradar on December 24, 2016 at 7:30 pm

    I’m so impressed. I would love to do this sometime and thanks for sharing all this great info. What an amazing experience this must have been!!!

  7. Federica on April 5, 2017 at 3:28 pm

    Hi Leyla!

    My trip to Uzbekistan (inspired by our posts) is fast approaching: I will be leaving on the 24 of April.And of course I have a lot of questions 🙂 I hope you can help!

    How conservatively should I dress? Are short sleeves ok?
    You said you bought carpets and probably also other handicraft in Uzbekistan: was it complicated to export them?
    I assume you changed money at the black market: did you have trouble because of not having the official exchange receipts?
    There is a long list of medicaments that cannot be imported to Uzbekistan, including the one I usually take for sleeping on planes and the first nights: any experiences with that?

    I am sure more questions will come to my mind, but for now this is it – Thank you!

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on April 5, 2017 at 3:38 pm

      Yay, I’d love to go back! So to answer your questions… Short sleeves are fine, but bra straps and thin straps on summer wear are not. As for exporting, there’s no issue – make sure you get a bill and declare it when you get to your home country (taking a carpet out of Uzbekistan is something you’re encouraged to do.) I changed money on the black market and had no trouble at all – just be aware that in many cases because you get twice as much, you’ll be charged twice as much if you can’t show receipts. In Tashkent, they tend to take the black market currency at face value but the farther you get from the capital, the looser the application of the law – and you will be charged more. As for meds, I crossed overland and they were very careful with my medications. I’m told that arrival through Tashkent via air is a lot easier. Still – whatever you do, don’t bring codeine! That’s a no-no even if you have a prescription. And of course, bring a prescription for everything, just in case. But you may just sail through.

      • Federica on April 5, 2017 at 7:03 pm

        Thank you Leyla: very useful!
        Reading the guide books, everything seems so complicated… For example, they say that you can only export mass-produced products, but who wants mass-produced products? I’d rather have a nice unique handmade item!
        No codeine in my meds! But I will be very careful and check if there are other prohibited substances in my usual kit. But – a prescription for EVERYTHING? My doctor will think I am mad: most meds I use do not need any prescription, they are just bought over the counter.

      • Federica on April 8, 2017 at 5:59 pm

        Thank you Leyla: very useful tips as usual!

  8. SK on September 26, 2017 at 4:29 pm

    Hey Leyla, my friend and I just got back from a fascinating and amazing 3 weeks in Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. We took to visiting the two countries, inspired by your travel tales and photos. We had the same itinerary as yours with a few additional places, and staying in almost all the same places as you did. It was as you described it and much more. Thanks for all the useful information and tips you provide here. It made our travel planning all that much easier. Keep the stories and experience sharing coming.

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on September 26, 2017 at 4:45 pm

      Oh yay, so glad you took the trip and were happy with it – I had such a great time and it’s a trip I would recommend to anyone with a slight spirit of adventure!

  9. Amy on October 22, 2017 at 8:59 am

    I’m working in China now and reading this blog post makes me really exciting! I’m planning a trip to Central Asia in February. How’s the weather like? Are there hostels readily available? Thanks in advance 🙂

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on October 22, 2017 at 10:13 am

      There are some hostels in Kyrgyzstan and they tend to be online and you can reach them that way. As for February, of course you can visit then but remember, the mountains will be out of bounds because of snow…

  10. Sandrine Villagrasa-Butler on January 1, 2018 at 10:11 pm

    Hi Leyla,

    I am so excited to have find your post as I will be going to Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan this July, solo! Thank you for all the tips!
    I may have some questions down the road. Happy New Year and Happy Travels!

  11. Tiffany on January 17, 2018 at 9:18 pm

    Thanks so much for this! You mentioned you were working at some of the locations during your trip, was wondering if you could share what work you did? I’m definitely planning to take a trip there (was always mesmerized by the nomad and horse back riding life, I’m myself a Han Chinese), and was also thinking if there were small working gigs, I’d love to do that while I’m there.

    Thank you!

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on January 28, 2018 at 8:04 am

      Hi Tiffany, I’m afraid it won’t be helpful – it was part of my job and my job is writing…

  12. jamie on April 28, 2018 at 12:58 pm

    Hi. Did you take a horse trek, and if so, was it by yourself? I’d like to do an overnight trek, but I don’t want to hire a male guide to take me. Ideas?

    • Leyla Giray Alyanak on April 29, 2018 at 7:42 am

      Sadly I didn’t, but I know many people who did. Why don’t you email CBT and ask them outright? They might have a female guide, or might be able to fit you into another group around the same time. You can reach them at cbtnetkg@gmail.com

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